Information and Causes
There can be many things that cause facial injury, from accidents during activities at work or home, to sports-related injuries.
When an accident happens, it’s a quick response that can make the difference between a temporary inconvenience and a potentially permanent injury.
Symptoms and Common Areas of Injury
- Facial Fractures – Facial injuries can cause potentially serious broken bones or fractures. Common symptoms of facial fractures include:
- swelling and bruising around the eye(s) (such as a black eye)
- pain or numbness in the face, cheeks or mouth
- seeing double or blurred vision
- changes in teeth structure or the ability to close the mouth normally
- Upper Face – When there is impact in the upper face it can fracture the delicate bones around the sinuses, eye sockets, bridge of the nose or cheek bones. A direct blow to the eye may cause a fracture, as well as blurred or double vision. All eye injuries should be examined as quickly as possible to avoid further complications.
- Lower Face – When the lower face is injured, including the jaw, it may change the way your teeth fit together. To restore a normal bite, surgeries often can be performed from inside the mouth to prevent visible scarring of the face. A broken jaw often can be repaired without being wired shut for long periods. Your treatment options and the latest treatment techniques can be discussed during you assessment.
- Injuries to Soft Tissue – Bruises cuts and scrapes can be the result of many injuries or a secondary result of another injury, such as a fracture. Some require medical attention. You should get immediate medical care when you have:
- Deep cuts to your skin
- Deformity or fracture to bone or head and neck structures
- Loss of feeling or facial movement
- Persistent bleeding
- Change in vision
- Issues with breathing and/or swallowing
- Unconsciousness or changes to facial movement
- Neck Injuries – Whether seemingly minor or severe, neck injuries should be thoroughly evaluated. Injuries may involve specific structures within the neck, such as the larynx (voicebox), esophagus (food passage), or major blood vessels and nerves.
- Throat Injuries – The larynx is a complex organ consisting of cartilage, nerves and muscles with a mucous membrane lining all encased in a protective tissue (cartilage) framework. The cartilage can be fractured or dislocated and may cause severe swelling, which can result in the obstruction of the airway. Hoarseness or difficulty breathing after a blow to the neck are warning signs of a serious injury and the injured person should receive prompt medical attention.
- Fractures – Fractures should be assessed for severity and Dr. Russell T. Snow can determine whether a procedure should be performed before additional swelling develops, or after swelling has dissipated. Fractures can be repaired under local or general anesthesia. Ultimately, treatment decisions will be made to restore proper function of the nasal air passages and normal appearance and structural support of the nose and other facial structures.
If you have experienced an injury, or if you feel you suffer from any of the aforementioned symptoms due to injury, contact us as soon as possible for an assessment.